The history of india can be traced in fragments to as far back as 700,000 years ago the subcontinent was partitioned into the secular democratic republic of india and the smaller islamic republic of pakistan a war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in east pakistan becoming. India, also known as the republic of india, is a country located in south asia it has more than 1200 million inhabitants and is the second most populated india was previously administered and fairly controlled by the united kingdom but the nation wanted its independence it fought and organized. History of education, theories, methods, and administration of schools and other agencies of similarly in india, priests conducted most of the formal education beginning in about 1200 bc plato described his educational ideal in the republic, one of the most notable works of western philosophy. Later historians picked up on this idea and ultimately the term dark ages was transformed into middle ages at smarthistory, we're on a mission to open museums and cultural sites up to the world we're creating world-class resources on art and cultural objects for learners from around the globe—for free.
India can be organized along the compass points north india, shaped like a throat and two lungs, is the country's largest region it begins with the panhandle of home of the sacred ganges river and the majority of himalayan foothills, east india begins with the states of madhya pradesh, bihar, orissa. Indian history notes cover ancient india, medieval india and modern india aspects of indian culture and indian freedom struggle are covered in detail in this post, let's see the features of indus valley civilisation arts as part of the indian culture notes based on the ncert text 'an introduction to. Indian history and culture is full of richness and affluence, which undoubtedly has had a significant impact on the evolution of the current society home to the indus valley civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the indian history is identified with its commercial and. Ancient history the indian history commences with the beginning of the indus valley civilization in places like mohenjo-daro, harappa, and lothal on 26 january 1950, india became a republic, and the constitution of india was promulgated the indian national congress, which had led the country.
Writing on indian ocean slavery frequently mentions african people in china and persia as well as in the muslim holy cities of mecca and medina, which also the longevity of the indian ocean slave trade is also evident in key historical moments long before the slave revolt of haiti under toussaint. Introduction to cracking india hum 210 online course pack - fall 2006 - prof cora agatucci mla style works cited bibliographical citation - book bapsi sidhwa is an award winning pakistani novelist striving above all to bring women's issues of the indian subcontinent into public discussion. The indian parliament or sansad is made up of the 245-member rajya sabha or upper house and the 545-member lok sabha or lower house greater india is the birthplace of a number of religions, including hinduism, buddhism, sikhism and jainism currently, about 80% of the population is hindu. Ian kerr, the preeminent historian of the indian railways of this period, tells us that 10,000 men were employed to drive tunnels and construct viaducts to take a track through the rocky hills and valleys of the bhore ghat incline near bombay in 1856 he adds that the number had nearly doubled in early.
Early india the asian way of life introduction this chapter will trace the genesis and this chapter traces the important threads of indian and chinese history to the beginning of the third republics, most were ruled by rajahs despite the presence of an advisory council of nobles and. Search the history of over 335 billion web pages on the internet news & public affairs spirituality & religion sports videos television videogame videos vlogs youth media. India's international commercial activities led to the need for acquiring proficiency in english as an international language now, english was not just in the linguistically plural settings of india, english often acts as the link -language among people of different dialect for many educated indians english. India (iast: bhārat), also known as the republic of india (iast: bhārat gaṇarājya), is a country in south asia it is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country.
The republic of india is a major social democratic nation located in south asia with a population of 11 billion people it spans from the himalayas in the north to the indian ocean it borders china, pakistan, bangladesh, nepal, bhutan and myanmar. It will continue to supply the long felt need for an introductory study on the constitution for the general readers, politicians as well as students and candidates for the public service commission and other competitive examinations it traces the constitutional history of india since the government of india. India has a history going back thousands of years and a prehistory going back hundreds of thousands of years india has only recently seen the last of the rural serfs who for centuries supplied much of the basic farm the national system of government is a liberal democratic federal republic, making. The history of india has seen sporadic incidents of discrimination against a particular group of people, mostly under the attestation from the traditional systems of caste and untouchability outside india: the practice of untouchability is often associated with hinduism and believed to be found only in india. The renowned indian sociologist andré béteille has reminded us that the colonial universities set up by the british in the 19th century could not be more the historian suresh chandra ghosh has pointed out that the preamble to the acts of incorporation that established those first colonial universities were.
Volume 61 issue 3 an introduction to the history following the political upheavals of 1978, the history and development of shiite religious thought in modern-day persia 'the revolt of aghā khān mahallātī and the transference of the isma'ili imamate to india', studia islamica, 21, 1969, 55-81 vii: from nadir shah to the islamic republic, cambridge: cambridge university press, 1991, 732-64. To the gates of india and from the bosphorus to the indian ocean the persian or achaemenid empire, as it is known, was the his greatest achievement was his invasion of india in 1739, in which he sacked delhi and brought back to iran a fabulous treasure, including the famous peacock throne. The various indian kingdoms had begun to conquer one another and after 322 bc the first great empire arose the mauryan empire in india the next great ruler in indian history was king harshavardhana (606-647) he created an empire to rival the guptas harsha began as ruler of the. Indian history begins with the birth of the indus valley civilization as evident from the sites at following is the history of india through the ages: the pre historic era the stone age: the stone today, india marches proudly as the most vibrant republic and largest democracy of the world, an.
Year 1950 republic of india born on january 26, 1950, the indian constitution takes effect, making the republic of india the most populous democracy in the world mohandas gandhi struggled through decades of passive resistance before britain finally accepted indian independence. Indian national congress leader jawaharlal nehru became the first prime minister of india, but the leader most associated with the independence struggle, mahatma gandhi, accepted no office the new constitution of 1950 made india a secular and a democratic country. An introduction to the history of india ( essay) ancient india the indus valley civilisation great britain began administering most of india directly while controlling the rest through treaties with india became a republic within the commonwealth after promulgating its constitution on january 26, 1950.