India proudly houses a number of speech communities belonging to different families of languages there are hundreds of languages which are further classified into two categories, ie major groups and minor groups. India, a potpourri of different cultures, religions and beliefs, is home to not just one or two languages but to an uncountable number of different lingual families. India has a greenberg's diversity index of 0914, ie two people selected at random from the country will have different native languages in 914% of cases.
It is a language spoken along the west coast of india, across maharashtra, goa, karnataka and kerala it is a logical language, and has many dialects according to the region in which it is spoken it has a touch of royalty in its most pristine form. Indian languages history and literature languages taught in north america: institutions tifr languages site nepali , sindhi : sindhiorg , sinhala language 1 , 325 dialects of india , indian language newspapers. That india has so many languages came as a surprise for me when i began in 2010, i had assembled speakers of 320 languages, and i thought maybe one could go up to 500 because (george) grierson's estimate was around that.
Language is always a contentious issue in india so much so that much of india we know now is re-drawn based on languages spoken in a particular region. 22 languages of india 22 official languages of india about india in hindi all india language all language in india all languages in india all languages in in skip navigation sign in. India is a diverse country and many languages are spoken in which in india there are many religious people present in india : hindu, sikh, muslim, christian, etc and.
India, sanskrit was the chief language of hindu cultural, learned, and religious expression, while buddhism and jainism had lent their prestige and patronage to various prākrits the progress of and developments in these literatures remained unaffected by the advent of islām in india. India has 22 languages which have been given the grade of national languages name of state/union territory major language spoken other languages spoken jammu and kashmir kashmiri dogri and hindi himachal pradesh hindi punjabi and nepali punjab punjabi hindi uttrakhand hindi urdu, punjabi and nepali haryana hindi punjabi and urdu delhi hindi punjabi, urdu and. The different languages in india have their own historical genesis they reflect the history, culture and sentiments of the people belonging to that particular region where they are respectively spoken.
India is a vast country, with lot of cultural and geographical diversities this has resulted in a number of different languages spoken across the country. India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people at least 800 different languages and around 2000 dialects have been identified the constitution of india has stipulated the usage of hindi and english to be the two official languages of communication for the national government. However, there are more than 1000 local languages spoken in india hindi is the official language of india, which is spoken by about 45 per cent of the population among the various dialects of hindi, the dialect chosen as official hindi is the standard khariboli, written in devanagiri script.
The different dialects in india number several hundred and increase the number of currently spoken languages in india to over 2,500 language classification in the country has been difficult as experts have to differentiate between dialects and mother tongues that can have striking similarities. The southern indian languages are from the dravidian familythe dravidian languages are indigenous to the indian subcontinent proto-dravidian languages were spoken in india in the 4th millennium bce and started disintegrating into various branches around 3rd millennium bce. The main languages in south india are malayalam, tamil, telugu and kannadathey are all dravidian languages and, therefore, share structural aspectsmuch of the vocabulary was borrowed from languages such as hindi, so there are often only different pronunciations and slight shifts in meaning.